SAINT BERNARD

SAINT BERNARD

HEIGHT 25.5 - 27.5 inches/ 0.65 - 0.7 metres
WEIGHT 110-200 Lbs / 49.8 - 90 kg
LIFE SPAN 8 -10 Years
BREED SIZE Large Size Dog
GOOD WITH Family, Children , Pets & Strangers
TEMPERAMENT Gentle, Highly Intelligent & Very laid back.
INTELLIGENCE Very Intelligent
SHEDDING AMOUNT High
EXERCISE NEEDS Medium
ENERGY LEVEL Medium - High
BARKING LEVEL Low
DROOL AMOUNT High
COLORS Variety inc. Brown and white, Mahogany and white, Orange and white

Appearance

The distinctive attributes of this dog include a sagging gaze, and a creased forehead, which may lead one to assume it is an aged dog, but it does exude an air of innocence.

A Saint Bernard dog possesses an imposing physique and formidable strength. The expressive countenance of this breed gives off intelligence and benevolence.

A Saint Bernard dog has two coat variations, either long or short. You have the liberty to select a puppy that boasts your preferred coat.

A Saint Bernard dog exudes gentleness and affection, notwithstanding its formidable size. This breed is renowned for its amiable disposition towards humans and patience with children. 

 

Temperament

A Saint Bernard is patient, sweet, and tolerant, thus, making it a great match if you have kids around. While it is not an aggressive breed, it won’t hesitate to protect its family from any threats.

They appear to be mindful of their strength. No wonder they give that, "I really don't want to hurt you" kind of look. They require little attention and are quite used to having things their way. As such, they require some amount of patience.

They can make good family dogs and playmates for old-enough kids, however, they do require quite some patience in many ways.  Saint Bernard dogs do not need much exercise, they tend to prefer being indoors, and they can be a challenge to train.

It is important to do House training for Saint Bernard dogs from a very early puppy age.

Saint Bernard dogs can be rather heavy on eating and can actually gulp as much as you'll give them. This can lead to various health issues and potentially life-threatening ailments, so you must know when enough is enough regarding food.

What may be considered cute behavior when done by small dogs may not be alright with a big Saint Bernard.

Because of its size, one has to be rather careful with it, especially in public places. With some getting used to, careful parenting of this big dog can easily be done once it's become a habit.

Living Needs

What kind of dog parent is the right match for a Saint Bernard dog ?

1. If you want a large breed dog, but at the same time, don’t want a high-energy dog, Saint Bernard is the one for you. A Saint Bernard will gladly chill with you all day long, as long as it gets a nice walk daily.

2. If you live in a smaller space, it’s fine for a St. Bernard, as long as it is able to stretch and move around. Before you get a Saint Bernard puppy, ask yourself if you don’t mind sharing your space with your dog. It is a very big dog!

This breed is very friendly and people-oriented. Your Saint Bernard might stick close to you, and even show its face in your online meetings. Hope your colleagues don’t mind a cute dog saying, "hello"

Saint Bernard Dog

3. It also loves to participate in family activities, be it lounging around a swimming pool, or having a movie night. 

4. If you live in a colder area, you have nothing to worry about, as Saint Bernard loves cold, and snow.

However, you might have to be extra careful if you live in hot climates, make sure that your dog will have access to air conditioning before you bring your Saint puppy home.

5. Saint Bernard puppies are eager chewers, so you would want to pup-proof your house in order to avoid any damage. Use Dog Chews or Dog Chews for aggressive chewer dogs to help save your furniture.

6. Regular cleaning; Be Prepared for this! A Saint Bernard is a heavy drooler and regular cleaning or a devised system to handle it whenever it happens is key when you have a mega-drooler in your house.

7. Also, keep in mind that this breed has a shorter life expectancy or 8-10 years. So, while a Saint Bernard puppy can be a loyal and sweet addition to your family, you should be able to prepare yourself for the heart-breaking reality that it might not live as long as other breeds do.

Care

Saint Bernard dog has saggy jowls filled with drool. It needs extra saliva for proper digestion. However, no dog owner wants to have saliva o their floor, clothes, or couch. So, you can make a habit of wiping your saint’s muzzle clean after every meal. Well, you might get semi-dry smooches as a gift.

Since Saint Bernard dogs have double coats, the fur needs extra care. You should brush its fur daily during high-shedding seasons. Otherwise, weekly brushing is needed to remove tangles, loose hair, and dirt.

Dental care is also important, so you can brush your dog’s teeth a few times per week. Feel free to treat your dog to a spa day once a month or so, including a bath, paw check, nail trim, and ear cleaning.

 

Health

Always consult your vet for your pup’s dietary needs. Well-balanced nutritional food is bound to make your Saint Bernard puppy grow healthy.

Keep in mind that obesity can lead to more severe health problems, so don’t give in to the cute puppy eyes when it comes to treats. A few treats are fine, but not excessive.

Other health issues to keep an eye out for in Saint Bernard are bloating, eye problems, and hip dysplasia.

Grooming: Despite their calm nature, Saint Bernard puppies are not the most delicate. They slurp during mealtime, and give sloppy kisses.

In order to avoid getting their drool everywhere, remember to wipe your Saint Bernard puppy’s mouth after every meal. Whether your pup has a long coat or short, weekly brushing is essential. Daily brushing is required during shedding season.

Training: Early obedience training is required since Saint Bernard puppies grow to be huge dogs. It would help if you introduced your puppy to humans and other pets at an early age, so it knows it’s not okay to knock things over or jump on people.

Since Saint puppies are shy, early socialization is crucial for them to become family pets. Due to their intelligence and patient temper, these pups are easy to train. Reward-based training works well with this breed.

Exercise: A long stroll daily, and some playtime with your Saint Bernard will keep it active, boost its mood and keep it calm.

Puppies

Saint Bernard puppies are some of the cutest ones you will ever come across. They grow up to be gentle and patient dogs, regardless of what their mighty size suggests about them.

They are intelligent and eager-to-please, therefore easier to train. However, early training your Saint Bernard puppy from an early age is essential for  having a well-behaved dog in your house.If pup-training looks daunting to you, we’ve put together some necessary tips for training your puppy. Let’s dive right in!

Teach your puppy basic commands:

Sit:  This command is the easiest to teach, and should be the first. Start by telling your Saint Bernard dog, firmly but calmly, to “sit”. Feel free to help them place their bottom on the floor. Appreciate and praise them. Keep repeating till your puppy sits when you give the command.

Reward-based training works well with Saint Bernard puppies.

You can give them a treat when you help them sit on their bottom, so they associate sitting with a reward.

Do the training every day till your pup learns. Start by short five-minute sessions and slowly increase the span of the training session based on your stamina, as well as your dog’s.

Come: This command is important as it enables your pup to go off the leash without leaving you too far behind. Start by telling your puppy to “come”. You should be walking backwards when you give this command. The Saint puppy will probably follow you.

Treat your puppy when to reach you. Also pet them, and give them verbal praises. We all know pups understand what a “good boy” is.

Stay :Once your Saint Bernard puppy learns the commands of sit and come, next up is “stay”. While in a sitting position, hold their collar gently, and say “stay”. Move away from them a little bit before giving the command “come”.

-The key is to repeat this in short intervals initially. Increase the stay time slowly.

-Teach your puppy release words such as “move”, or “okay”, which means they can move.

Stay is a much-needed command for your Saint Bernard puppy since it helps them stay out of trouble when you take them in public.

Lay down:  This command should be taught after stay. You can train them to lay down once they are already in the stay position. Start by gently guiding them to the laying position when you say “lay down”.

Repeat this again and again until your puppy knows the lay down position.Show your Saint puppy a treat in your hand to guide them into a lying position.

 
 
Leash training:

Saint Bernard puppies grow to become large dogs. This is why you should teach them how to walk on a leash from an early age. Start taking your puppy on short walks on the leash. If your pup tries to run ahead, gently but firmly pull the leash, and stop.

Don’t give into the puppy eyes, and stand still without letting your pup go where it wanted to.

  • Appreciate good behavior on the leash with treats and praise.

Create a positive environment:  We all want to be surrounded by positivity. Our dogs don’t appreciate negativity as well. Therefore, for effective training, a positive environment is of paramount importance.

Be consistent:  You should use the same words while giving your Saint Bernard puppy commands. This makes your expectation clear for your puppy. Also make sure you expect the same thing from a command which you did during initial training.

Don’t reward your dog for behaviors which you don’t want them to learn. Also, other people in your household should be aware of the training rules as well, so they understand the command words and know what the puppy should do in return.

Be patient:While Saint Bernard puppies are easy to train, they can be stubborn sometimes. They might test your patience and push your buttons. You should remember that is a puppy is young and still growing. It might take them time to learn.

Keep reasonable expectations, stay calm, and remain positive.

Use positive reinforcement:  One of the most effective ways to train your puppy is using positive reinforcement. Your puppy should learn that if they complete a desired action, they will receive something good as a result. You can use verbal praise, treats, and petting to reward their good behavior.

  • Ignore undesired behavior. Avoid responding, as if you respond, it might be perceived as reinforcement.

DO NOT PUNISH: If you use punishment with your Saint Bernard puppy or grown dog, it won’t listen to you or respect you. It’s not effective to correct a negative behavior with a punishment.

Yelling or physically hurting the pup is a big NO. It will only make your fur baby scared of you, leading to repulsive behaviors.

Potty Training your Saint Bernard puppy:

Choose a spot for bathroom needs :Find a spot outdoors where your pup should relieve itself. Take your Saint puppy to the spot whenever they relieve themselves. This way, they will learn that they have to go do their business in that spot

Set a bathroom schedule: As soon as you bring your puppy home, set a schedule for bathroom needs. Take them to that spot at every hour initially. Important times to be taken out are in the morning, after meals, and before night time.

Reward your puppy :The act of going to the bathroom should be associated with a reward, be it a treat, a pet, or verbal affirmations.

Interrupt your pup if they are relieving in the house: Do this very calmly. Say their name, or clap your hands to get their attention. Proceed to pick them and take them outside to finish their business.

Don’t yell at your puppy for making mess in the house. Punishing them in any way will make them scared of relieving themselves, altogether, resulting in health problems. Also, make sure to dispose their poop in biodegradable dog poop bags.

There you go, that’s the basics of doggy training. Have fun training this obedient bulk of wonder dog.

Fun Facts

1. Monks had their work in the Swiss Alps: Centuries ago, there was no alternative to navigating in valleys, then following a snowy path. Due to extreme conditions, looters found their prey in the form of hikers and tourists.

In 1050 CE, a monk started clearing up the area and evicting criminals. It was then that Saint Bernard dogs were brought probably around 1660 to 1670. These canines were used as guard dogs, who also proved to be great companions.

2. They have proved to be great helpers :

Monks living in hospice realized that Saint Bernards made ideal rescue dogs. They cleared paths, were able to predict approaching avalanches, and could even detect bodies buried 20 feet deep in snow. It is estimated that Saints rescued thousands of people in their rescue dog times.

3. They helped Napolean: Saint Bernard dogs have played a significant role in history. From assisting Napolean to helping in World War II, their efforts for humans have given them much popularity.

In the 1790 to 1810 period, Napolean and his army had to cross a mountain pass in the Alps. A group of Saint Bernard dogs assisted and protected them. This was one of the most prominent reasons why Napolean and his army were able to cross the mountain pass without any loss of life.

4. Monks attempted to improve them: It was monks who tried to cross-breed them. The plan was to cross a Saint Bernard with a long-haired Newfoundland to give the rescue dogs thicker coats.

However, it backfired, since what was not anticipated by the monks happened. The long hair of the new breed caught snow and ice, weighing the dogs down. We can see the effects of this cross-breeding even today, as now we have both, short-haired and long-haired Saint Bernards.

5. They have water-resistant fur: Since Saint Bernard dogs initially lived in cold snowy mountains, they have an oily water-resistant coat. It wards off snow and ice. Therefore, it is advisable not to over-bathe them, as over-use of soap will strip away the necessary oils in their fur.

6. They are cold-weather dogs: While they have the warmest hearts and personalities, Saints are snow-loving dogs. They don’t appreciate being kept in hot climates but they do great in cold areas. Make sure you can provide a well-cooled environment for your Saint Bernard if you plan on getting one while living in a tropical area

7. They are great with children: Saint Bernard dogs are also known as gentle giants due to their calm and patient nature. Their people-oriented personality and calm temperament make them a perfect fit for families with kids. They are not aggressive and adapt well to new pets brought at home.

8. They drool a lot : If you don’t do well with dog drool around the house, a Saint Bernard is not the right choice for you. They drool more than other dog breeds, but you can wipe it off, especially after meals.

9. They were stars of the movie “Beethoven”: While there are multiple appearances of Saint Bernards in the media, one of the most famous is their appearance on the silver screen, in the movie “Beethoven”.

This breed played the starring role in this family comedy film. This mischievous Saint Bernard was named Beethoven by the family. This film also won the 1993 Genesis Award for Best Feature film.

10. They are smart dogs: If you think Saint Bernard dogs are just all about might and looks, you are not quite right. This breed of dog is incredibly smart and intelligent. Their brains, coupled with their eager-to-please calm nature make it easier to train. They adapt well to other pets too.

All of these outstanding facts make Saint Bernard famous among dog lovers. Their range of positive traits makes humans fall in love with them, despite the amount of drool they produce. After all, who doesn’t love beauty with brains, right?

 


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